Improving State of the World

Indur M. Goklany

Precautionary Principle & Ethics

 Precautionary Principle

Clearing the Air


  1. The Improving State of the World: Why We're Living Longer, Healthier, More Comfortable Lives on a Cleaner Planet  (Cato Institute, Washington, DC, 2007).
  2. The Precautionary Principle: A Critical Appraisal of Environmental Risk Assessment (Cato Institute, Washington, DC, 2001).

Precautionary Principle & Ethics

Could Biofuel Policies Increase Death and Disease in Developing Countries? Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons 16 (1): 9–13 (2011).

Discounting the Future, Regulation 32: 36-40 (Spring 2009).

"Emerging Technology and Political Institutions: Is the Precautionary Principle an Effective Tool for Policymakers to Use in Regulating Emerging Technologies? Yes," in Peter M. Haas, John A. Hird, and Beth McBratney, Controversies in Globalization: Contending Approaches to International Relations (CQ Press, Washington, DC, 2009), pp. 103-115. [However, there is a proviso.] Draft.

“Applying the Precautionary Principle to DDT,” Brief Analysis (no. 485), National Center for Policy Analysis (Dallas, TX, 2004).

 “From Precautionary Principle to Risk-Risk Analysis.” Nature Biotechnology 20 (November 2002): 1075.

“Agricultural Technology and the Precautionary Principle.” In R. Meiners and B. Yandle, eds., Agricultural Policy and the Environment (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2003), pp. 107-133.

“Caution with Cures.” Times Higher Education Supplement. Letter. January 26, 2001

Applying the Precautionary Principle to Global Warming. Center for the Study of American Business, Washington University, St. Louis, Mo., USA. Policy Study 158. November 2000.

Applying the Precautionary Principle to Genetically Modified Crops. Center for the Study of American Business, Washington University, St. Louis, Mo., USA. Policy Study 157. August 2000.

Commentary: The Complexity of Bioethics. November 2001. Available at Bioethics at Iowa State University <>.

“Precaution Without Perversity: A Comprehensive Application of the Precautionary Principle to Genetically Modified Crops.” Biotechnology Law Report 21 (June 2001): 377-396.

Applying the Precautionary Principle to DDT. Available at <> . December 2000.

“Applying the Precautionary Principle in a Broader Context.” In J. Morris, ed., Rethinking Risk and the Precautionary Principle (Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2000), pp. 189-228.

Ethical Considerations Related to Global Warming

Is Climate Change the "Defining Challenge of Our Age"? Energy & Environment 20(3): 279-302 (2009).

Discounting the Future, Regulation 32: 36-40 (Spring 2009).

Managing Climate Change Risks in the Context of Other, More Urgent Risks to Humanity, prepared for the Conference on Climate Change and Development, Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, 26-27 April 2007.

“Integrated Strategies to Reduce Vulnerability and Advance Adaptation, Mitigation, and Sustainable Development,” Mitigation and Adaption Strategies for Global Change DOI 10.1007/s11027-007-9098-1 (2007).

“Is a Richer-but-warmer World Better than Poorer-but-cooler Worlds?”  Energy & Environment, vol. 18, nos. 7 and 8, pp. 1023-1048 (2007).

Adaptive Management of Climate Change Risks, in A Breath of Fresh Air: The state of environmental policy in Canada, The Fraser Institute, Toronto, Canada, pp. 62-94 (2008).

The Ethics of Shortchanging Present Generations, November 8, 2006, Commons Blog.

“A Climate Policy for the Short and Medium Term: Stabilization or Adaptation?” Energy & Environment 16: 667-680 (2005).

“Living with Global Warming.” Policy Report No. 278 (Dallas, TX, National Center for Policy Analysis, September 2005).

“Is Climate Change the 21st Century’s Most Urgent Environmental Problem?” Lindenwood University, Economic Policy Lecture 7 (St. Charles, MO, Lindenwood University, 2005). Also forthcoming in SOCIETY (Transaction : Social Science and Modern Society).

Climate change & property rights, Commons Blog (April 19, 2005).

“Climate Change and Malaria.” Letter. Science 306: 55-57 (2004). Exchange of letters with David A. King.

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